FFM (Freedom Fighting Mode) – Open Source Hacking Harness

FFM is a hacking harness that you can use during the post-exploitation phase of a red-teaming engagement. The idea of the tool was derived from a 2007 conference from @thegrugq.It was presented at SSTIC 2018 and the accompanying slide deck is available at this url. If you’re not familiar with this class of tools, it is strongly advised to have a look at them to understand what a hacking harness’ purpose is. All the comments are included in the slides.UsageThe goal of a hacking harness is to act as a helper that automates common tasks during the post-exploitation phase, but also safeguards the user against mistakes they may make.It is an instrumentation of the shell. Run ./ffm.py to activate it and you can start working immediately. There are two commands you need to know about:Type !list to display the commands provided by the harness.Type SHIFT+TAB to perform tab completion on the local machine. This may be useful if you’re ssh’d into a remote computer but need to reference a file that’s located on your box.List of featuresThis hacking harness provides a few features that are described below. As they are described, the design philosophy behind the tool will also be introduced. It is not expected that all the commands implemented in FFM will suit you. Everyone has their own way of doing things, and tuning the harness to your specific need is likely to require you to modify some of the code and/or write a few plugins. A lot of effort went into making sure this is a painless task.Commands!os is an extremely simple command that just runs cat /etc/*release* to show what OS the current machine is running. It is probably most valuable as a demonstration that in the context of a hacking harness, you can define aliases that work across machine boundaries. SSH into any computer, type !os and the command will be run. This plugin is located in commands/replacement_commands.py and is a good place to start when you want to learn about writing plugins.!download [remote file] [local path] gets a file from the remote machine and copies it locally through the terminal. This command is a little more complex because more stringent error checking is required but it’s another plugin you can easily read to get started. You can find it in commands/download_file.py. Note that it requires xxd or od on the remote machine to function properly.!upload [local file] [remote path] works exactly the same as the previous command, except that a local file is put on the remote machine.!pty spawns a TTY, which is something you don’t want in most cases because it tends to leave forensics evidence. However, some commands (sudo) or exploits require a TTY to run in so this is provided as a convenience. UNSET HISTFILE is passed to it as soon as it spawns.!py [local script] executes a local Python script on the remote machine, and does so entirely in memory. Check out my other repository for scripts you might want to use. This commands uses a multiline syntax with <<, which means that pseudo-shells that don't support it (Weevely is a good example of that) will break this command quite badly.Plugins can be further configured by editing ffm.conf.ProcessorsConceptually, commands (as described above) are used to generate some bash which is forwarded to the shell. They can perform more complex operations by capturing the shell's output and generating additional instructions based on what is returned. Processors are a little different as they are rather used to rewrite data circulating between the user and the underlying bash process. While it is true that any processor could be rewritten as a command, it seemed a little cleaner to separate the two. Input processors work on whatever is typed by the user once they press the ENTER key, and output processors can modify anything returned by the shell.A good processor example can be found in processors/ssh_command_line.py. All it does is add the -T option to any SSH command it sees if it is missing. Be sure to check out its simple code if you are interested in writing a processor.Another input processor present in the framework, processors/assert_torify.py, contains a blacklist of networking commands (ssh, nc) and blocks them if they don't seem to be proxied through a tool such as torify. The harness does its best to only bother the user if it seems like the command is being run on the local machine. Obviously this should not be your only safeguard against leaking your home IP address.Finally, processors/sample_output_processor.py is a very simple output processor that highlights in red any occurrence of the word "password". As it's quite useless, it's not enabled in the framework but you can still use it as a starting point if you want to do something more sophisticated.Known issuesCTRL+R is not implemented yet and we all miss it dearly.There is currently no way to run ELFs in memory on a remote machine. This is high on the ToDo list.More problematic is the fact that the framework hangs from time to time. In 99% of the cases, this happens when it fails to detect that a command it launched has finished running. Usually, this means that the command prompt of the machine you're logged into could not be recognized as such. In that case, you can try improving the regular expression located at the very beginning of the file ffm.py, or log into that same machine with ssh -T as there won't be any problematic prompt anymore. By default, FFM will give up on trying to read the output of a command after 5 minutes (some plugins may implement different timeouts); so if the framework hangs, you'll need to wait until you see an error message (though if the underlying process is still running, you may still not be able to type in commands).Closing statementI think I've covered everything about this tool. Again, it's a little different from what I usually release as most people will probably need to modify it before it can be valuable to them.Many plugins have yet to be written, so be sure to share back any improvements you make to FFM. Feel free to open issues not only for bugs, but also if you're trying to do something and can't figure out how; this way I'll be able to improve the documentation for everyone.Download FFM

Link: http://www.kitploit.com/2019/03/ffm-freedom-fighting-mode-open-source.html

Netsniff-Ng – A Swiss Army Knife For Your Daily Linux Network Plumbing

netsniff-ng is a free Linux networking toolkit, a Swiss army knife for your daily Linux network plumbing if you will.Its gain of performance is reached by zero-copy mechanisms, so that on packet reception and transmission the kernel does not need to copy packets from kernel space to user space and vice versa.Our toolkit can be used for network development and analysis, debugging, auditing or network reconnaissance.The netsniff-ng toolkit consists of the following utilities:netsniff-ng, a fast zero-copy analyzer, pcap capturing and replaying tooltrafgen, a multithreaded low-level zero-copy network packet generatormausezahn, high-level packet generator for HW/SW appliances with Cisco-CLI*bpfc, a Berkeley Packet Filter compiler, Linux BPF JIT disassemblerifpps, a top-like kernel networking statistics toolflowtop, a top-like netfilter connection tracking toolcurvetun, a lightweight curve25519-based IP tunnelastraceroute, an autonomous system (AS) trace route utilityGet it via Git:   git clone git://github.com/netsniff-ng/netsniff-ng.gitToolsnetsniff-ng is a fast network analyzer based on packet mmap(2) mechanisms. It can record pcap files to disc, replay them and also do an offline and online analysis. Capturing, analysis or replay of raw 802.11 frames are supported as well. pcap files are also compatible with tcpdump or Wireshark traces. netsniff-ng processes those pcap traces either in scatter-gather I/O or by mmap(2) I/O.trafgen is a multi-threaded network traffic generator based on packet mmap(2) mechanisms. It has its own flexible, macro-based low-level packet configuration language. Injection of raw 802.11 frames are supported as well. trafgen has a significantly higher speed than mausezahn and comes very close to pktgen, but runs from user space. pcap traces can also be converted into a trafgen packet configuration.mausezahn is a high-level packet generator that can run on a hardware-software appliance and comes with a Cisco-like CLI. It can craft nearly every possible or impossible packet. Thus, it can be used, for example, to test network behaviour under strange circumstances (stress test, malformed packets) or to test hardware-software appliances for several kind of attacks.bpfc is a Berkeley Packet Filter (BPF) compiler that understands the original BPF language developed by McCanne and Jacobson. It accepts BPF mnemonics and converts them into kernel/netsniff-ng readable BPF “opcodes”. It also supports undocumented Linux filter extensions. This can especially be useful for more complicated filters, that high-level filters fail to support.ifpps is a tool which periodically provides top-like networking and system statistics from the Linux kernel. It gathers statistical data directly from procfs files and does not apply any user space traffic monitoring that would falsify statistics on high packet rates. For wireless, data about link connectivity is provided as well.flowtop is a top-like connection tracking tool that can run on an end host or router. It is able to present TCP or UDP flows that have been collected by the kernel’s netfilter framework. GeoIP and TCP state machine information is displayed. Also, on end hosts flowtop can show PIDs and application names that flows relate to. No user space traffic monitoring is done, thus all data is gathered by the kernel.curvetun is a lightweight, high-speed ECDH multiuser tunnel for Linux. curvetun uses the Linux TUN/TAP interface and supports {IPv4,IPv6} over {IPv4,IPv6} with UDP or TCP as carrier protocols. Packets are encrypted end-to-end by a symmetric stream cipher (Salsa20) and authenticated by a MAC (Poly1305), where keys have previously been computed with the ECDH key agreement protocol (Curve25519).astraceroute is an autonomous system (AS) trace route utility. Unlike traceroute or tcptraceroute, it not only display hops, but also their AS information they belong to as well as GeoIP information and other interesting things. On default, it uses a TCP probe packet and falls back to ICMP probes in case no ICMP answer has been received.Concluding, the toolkit is split into small, useful utilities that are or are not necessarily related to each other. Each program for itself fills a gap as a helper in your daily network debugging, development or audit.  Download Netsniff-Ng

Link: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/PentestTools/~3/i86oZPByzMQ/netsniff-ng-swiss-army-knife-for-your.html

3 Best DNS Benchmarking Tools

DNS server is responsible for forwarding your domain requests to IP address of the website. There are several DNS servers around the globe. Your ISP also provides a default DNS server that your internet connection uses. But you can use any publicly available DNS server for faster access to Internet. We have already made a […]
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3 Best Wireshark Alternatives for Android

Wireshark is the most popular network packet analyser that lets you see network traffic going out and coming in to all computers in the network. So, you can see anything on your network that’s not encrypted. The only problem is that Wireshark is not available for Android. While most of the people now prefer Android […]
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Metta – An Information Security Preparedness Tool To Do Adversarial Simulation

Metta is an information security preparedness tool.This project uses Redis/Celery, python, and vagrant with virtualbox to do adversarial simulation. This allows you to test (mostly) your host based instrumentation but may also allow you to test any network based detection and controls depending on how you set up your vagrants.The project parses yaml files with actions and uses celery to queue these actions up and run them one at a time without interaction.Installationsee setup.mdThere is also a wikiRunning actionsThe various actions live in the MITRE folder sorted by MITRE ATT&CK phases and also in Adversarial_SimulationJust run the python and yaml file of your choice$ python run_simulation_yaml.py -f MITRE/Discovery/discovery_win_account.ymlYAML FILE: MITRE/Discovery/discovery_account.yamlOS matched windows…sending to the windows vagrantRunning: cmd.exe /c net group \”Domain Admins\" /domainRunning: cmd.exe /c net user /addRunning: cmd.exe /c net user /domainRunning: cmd.exe /c net localgroup administratorsRunning: cmd.exe /c net shareRunning: cmd.exe /c net useRunning: cmd.exe /c net accountsRunning: cmd.exe /c net config workstationRunning: cmd.exe /c dsquery serverRunning: cmd.exe /c dsquery user -name smith* | dsget user -dn -descRunning: cmd.exe /c wmic useraccount list /format:listRunning: cmd.exe /c wmic ntdomainRunning: cmd.exe /c wmic group list /format:listRunning: cmd.exe /c wmic sysaccount list /format:listMaking actionsThe actions and scenarios live in the MITRE folder sorted by MITRE ATT&CK phases and also in Adversarial_Simulation The most important parts are the OS field and the purple_actionsos: will tell the tool which vagrant to send the command to, obviously *nix commands on windows wont work out so wellpurple_actions: an array of commands to run sequentiallyMaking scenariosScenarios are a list of paths to actions.The code will be looking for a scenario: True field and scenario_actions list. Example below: GotchasThe tool takes the string from purple_actions and encapsulates it in quotes. Therefore you need to escape any other quotes, ticks, weird shell characters in your command.Use the output of the vagrant/celery piece to make sure things are working like they shouldWhy Metta?Metta (Pali) Loving kindness, gentle friendship; a practice for generating loving kindness said to be first taught by the Buddha as an antidote to fear. It helps cultivate our natural capacity for an open and loving heart and is traditionally offered along with other Brahma-vihara meditations that enrich compassion, joy in the happiness of others and equanimity. These practices lead to the development of concentration, fearlessness, happiness and a greater ability to love. Download Metta

Link: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/PentestTools/~3/bd9ufgk8P0Y/metta-information-security-preparedness.html